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Dolat Abad Garden – Yazd
This garden was built in the ruling period of Mohammad Taqi Khan Bafqi, the governor of Yazd. He was the son of Mirza Mohammad Bager Bafqi, known as Khan-e Bozorg. He built many buildings in Yazd during his reign. Some of his most important enterprises are the aqueduct and garden of Dolat Abad. In 1161 AH, he ordered to connect the five sets of aqueducts originated from Mehriz heights to form the Dolat Abad Aqueduct, which is the longest, nearly 60 kilometers, and the most important one in the desert of Yazd .
The garden of Dolat Abad has one of the most authentic and traditional designs of Iranian gardens. The garden is divided into two rectangular parts of 116 by 274 and 104 by 278 meters. These parts are perpendicular to each other and the bigger one, which is presently known as the garden of Dolat Abad, was the gynaeceum of the edifice, i.e the private section and harem of the building. The smaller rectangle, which lies on the north, was the public part of the garden. This part, which was called as “Behesht Aeen” was the site of governmental occasions and athletic games and races.
The fire temple of Yazd
Among top attractions in Yazd are some fire temples. The building of the fire place of Zoroastrians of Yazd is also called as Atash-e Bahram. This building was erected with the sponsorship of the society of Persians of India under the supervision of Arbab Jamshid Amanat in November 1934. The main building is two meters higher than the surrounding ground in a big yard. There is a big pool in the entrance of the complex on the south.
The columns and façade of the building is reflected in this pool. The room of the holey fire is higher than the ground There are some rooms for praying around this space. The design is affected by the architecture of fire temples of India. According to some stories, this fire which is called as “atash-e Barharam” was taken to the village of ‘’Fatador’’ and then to Turkabad in Ardakan from Nahid Fire-temple 1500 years ago.
This fire was kept in the cave of Eshkoft Yazdan”for thirty years before it was moved to Yazd in 1946. It was kept in the house of then Dastor-e Bozorg ‘of the city. Later , it was moved to Gohanbar Khane and then to the present fire temple. This fire has not been extinguished so far. The Zoroastrians of Yazd hold their religious ceremonies, celebrations, and meetings there. The capitals of the columns and the stone plinths of this building are the masterpieces of Isfahan artisans. They have been carved in Isfahan and then moved to Yazd.