Whoever wants to visit Tehran, he/she should never miss visiting this top tourist attraction in Tehran. Golestan palace in Tehran complex is a relic remained from Tehran historical castle and is one of the most beautiful and ancient buildings of the Iranian 200-year Capital. The foundation of Tehran historical castle goes back to the Safavid’s era. Chahar Bagh and a simple porch building were constructed in the reign of King Abbas Safavid at the current place of Golestan palace and its surrounding. Later at the time of Qajar, it was allocated to court and residence place of Qajar king.
In the year 1268 AH, which coincided with the fifth year of Naserdding King’s reign, the east side of royal garden was broadened and other palaces were also constructed around this garden which was called Golestan Garden. The complex of palaces on the north corner of Golestan Garden included hall, museum, entrance hall, mirror hall, Brilliant hall, ivory hall and crystal hall.
One of the famous works of Tehran castle is Takht-e-Tavous (pea cock bed) which was brought to Iran from India in 1739 by Nader King. The whole bed is decorated with gold sheets and is carved and enameled quite well. It is decorated with precious stones, especially ruby and emerald. In the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi, large parts of Tehran castle including gallery, citrus garden, Golshan garden and inside buildings were destructed.
Residence place of the king was transferred to Sa’ad Abad and later in the reign of Mohammadreza was transferred to Niavaran and Golestan complex was changed to a place to entertain foreign guests. After the Islamic revolution, Golestan complex was changed to a museum so that people may visit that and enjoy watching the beauties created by the Iranian artists and handicraftsmen and their thoughts.
Golestan Palace -Salam Hall
Salam Hall is one the room of Golestan Palace Which is now being used as a museum. This hall was designed and built for the same purpose from the beginning. After Nassereddin Shah’s trip to Europe and visiting many museums and art galleries he decided to build a museum similar to ones in Europe. In this museum the most precious items and art works are kept which were all given as a gift to the king, specially the royal) jewelries 1345 ,when Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was crowned, the arrangement of this museum was totally changed and formed its existing arrangement.
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