If you intend to travel to Iran, for sure, trip to Shiraz and visiting Shiraz Highlights is a top choice. The present article is about the Province of Fars where Shiraz and Persepolis lie.
To see all the beauties of Shiraz and Persepolis, you can contact us to book Cheap Shiraz Tour and various Persepolis tour from Shiraz city.
The Province of Fars
The province of Fars is located in part of a wide territory once called “Pars”. The city of Shiraz has been the capital of this province since the Islamic era. The ancient land of Pars has been the prosperous dwelling place of native Iranians including Elamites. Persians were the first community that resided in Fars after the great migration of Aryans to the plateau of Iran.
Persepolis Came into Existence
Persians have resided in what would be the province of Fars since three thousand years ago and founded the first civilization of the region. Pasargadae became the capital of Achaemenids after Cyrus the Great defeated Medes. The giant complex of Persepolis was constructed by Darius the Great. Pasargadae and Persepolis were capitals of the vast empire of Achaemenids for a long time.
Persepolis and the Royal Road
The Royal Road that was the only road joining Shush and other cities of Khuzestan passed through the plain of Shiraz. The province of Fars is a precious treasury of historical relics, and culture of Iran. Many remains in Pasargadae, Persepolis, Naqsh-e Rajab, Naqsh-e Rostam, Bishapur, Sarvestan, Firuz Abad, and Tang-e Chovgan show the glory of Fars and endless interest of ancient kings toward this land. Fars region enjoyed high importance during the Islamic period, too. The Friday Mosque of Masjid-e Atiq, erected by Amr-e Leith-e Safar in)’ A AH, is among the first buildings of early Islamic centuries. This mosque is the oldest historical remain of the city of Shiraz.
The Reign of Karim Khan in the Province of Fars
Fars was quite prosperous in Saffariyan, Deylamian, Atabakan-e Fars, Al-e Mozaffar, Safavid, Afshar, and Zand eras. The zenith of this city was in the Karimkhan’s reign. He tried a lot to develop this city and erected many buildings there. One of which is Arg-e Kaimkhani or Karimkhan Citadel which is one of the main points of interest in the province of Fars. The province of Fars is one of richest provinces of Iran considering historical and ancient remains. This province accommodates many ancient complexes such as ancient cities and regions, palaces, gardens, stone relief figures, mausoleum, castles, historical hills, seminaries, mosques, bazaars, and dams.
Fars is the only province that has two everlasting remains, Persepolis and Pasargadae, registered as world remains. In addition to a rich treasury of ancient remains, the province of Fars enjoys a climate involving all four seasons at the same time. It is among wonderful provinces of the country regarding natural features.
Shahcheragh is one of the top Shiraz highlights. The mausoleum of Ahmad Ibn Musa-al Kazem or Seyyed Mir Ahmad, the elder brother of Imam Reza, known as Shahcheragh, sits in the center of Shiraz. Amir Muqarrab-ol Din Mas’od, the prime minister of Atabak Abobakr Ibn Sa’d Ibn Zangi (died in 665), erected the original building in 623 AH. He built a mausoleum and a dome over the grave. Then Tashi Khatoon, King Esaaq Injo’s mother, repaired it from 745 to 750 AH. Some other reconstructions were done and some parts were added to it in the reigns of Esmael Safavi, Nader Afshar, Fath All Qajar, and Mirza Zel-ol Sultan.The present building consists of a portico in front of the tomb. There are four porticoes on four sides of the courtyard. There is a mosque behind the mausoleum in the west of the complex. The interior of the mausoleum is decorated with small colorful mirrors, poly chrome tiles, and various Arabic and Persian handwriting.
Sassanid Palace of Sarvestan
This Sassanid palace lies nine kilometers southeast of Sarvestan. It belongs to Bahram V, or Bahram-e Goor (Bahram the Zebra), which was constructed by his prime minister. This palace is 41.75 meters long and 36.4 meters wide. It has a square portico in the central part. This portico has a 13 square meters area and is 18 meters high. This palace has a copula in the yard in the middle of the building. This palace is like the Finiz Abad Palace but it is smaller and has brick arches. The main facade is in the eastern side and consists of a central portico and two smaller ones on the sides. The central main portico leads to four courtyards through the main hall. There are also two domed rooms on the sides. The southern wall of the central hall leads to a portico. In addition, there are two narrow rooms with semicircular arches on both sides of the building. Regarding the advanced technique in the design, some researchers attribute it to the Sassanid era.
House of Manteqi Nejads
Manteqi Nejads’ House is one of old buildings of Shiraz dating from the late Qajar era. This beautiful old house lies adjacent to the southern passage of Masjid-e Nov (the new mosque) in Ahmadi Square. There is a beautiful alcove in the southern part of this house that has decorations such as beautiful paintings on the walls and ceilings and a mirror house with minor plinths. There are two rooms on the sides of this alcove. One of them has a painted ceiling and a wind tower. The other one has painted timbers, stucco work ceilings, and a fireplace. These paintings depict some women and European palaces, as well as flora figures. The eastern and western parts of the house consist of a private section and several other rooms. Wooden latticed windows with stained glasses, vaulted arches, fretwork and inlaid doors, and the stucco works decorations are other ornamental elements of this house. The house of Manteqi Nejads has been repaired in 2004. The Cultural and Tourisms Organization of Fars allotted this house to the museum of sounds and music. It includes parts such as audio and visual room, audio-video archive, and the gallery of music instruments, etc.
Military Museum of Afifabad
The military museum of Afifabad was inaugurated in the historical edifice of Afifabad, Bagh-e Golshan, in 1991.The historical objects of this museum are kept in two floors. The first floor accommodates the weapons including swords, daggers, spears, helmets, armors, flintlock rifles, machine guns, shotguns, etc. This museum shows the evolution of weapons from the Safavid era to the Islamic revolution. Some important instances of weapons are the single barreled rifle of Fath Ali Shah Qajar, the double-barreled rifle of Nasereddin Shah, the pistol presented by the emperor of Germany to Mozatiar Addin Shah, the gun machine of Ra’is All Delvari, and the guns belonging to Mirza Kochak Khan and his comrades. Some Iranian artillery from different periods are kept in the yard of the museum.
Lake Parishan lies 12 kilometers northeast of Kazerun, three kilometers away from the village of Ayazabad. The lake is fed by hundreds of springs in the Arjan and Famur Weald. In addition, several springs at the bottom of the lake supply the lake with water. The main source of this lake, however, is the Famur River. This lake is also named as Lake Famur after this river. This lake, with a depth from 3.5 to 5 meters, is the only fresh water lake of Iran Plateau. About one hundred species of birds come to this lake from Siberia, Canada, and Denmark during autumn and winter. The most important migrant birds of this lake are lanners, ducks, grey geese, grey herons, and Pelicans. Lake Parishan is one of attractive places of Fars Province that has beautiful spring and autumn visions. The landscapes of the plain and reed-beds round the lake multiply the beauty of the lake.
The ancient castle of IzadKhast, also called as Sar Sang and Qal’e Kuh-neh (old castle), belongs to the Sassanid era and lies on the northeast of Isfahan – Shiraz Road seven kilometers north of IzadKhast City. This castle is erected on a high trapezoid promontory surrounded by a deep valley. The only path to the castle is a portable wooden bridge called Takhteh Pul. This bridge leads to the castle in the southern side of the fort. This fortification is made of stone, clay, lime, and wooden shafts. The upper parts of the walls are made of adobes. There is a high tower in the southeastern corner that is made of adobes. The southern wall was for protecting this tower. The gate is in this wall and there has once been another tower above this gate. There is a secret exit for dangerous situations in the northeast of the castle. This castle has had residential purposes. The houses have been built in several stories because of limited space available in the castle. Seven wells provided water for the inhabitants. These wells were as deep as 40 meters. A moat four meters deep and four meters wide surrounds the castle. The entrance has a one-leaf wooden gate with iron sills. The gate is one and a half meters wide, three meters tall and ten centimeters thick. There had been a fire altar in this castle dating from the Sassanid era. It has become a mosque in the ninth century AH. There are round openings on the sides of the entrance gate used for sending small parcels and letters into or out of the building. This castle was in use until 1260 AH. Thereafter it lost its importance and became obsolete.
Masjid-e Jame-e Atiq (Old Friday Mosque)
The Masjid-e Jame-e Atiq, Masjid-e Jam’e, or Masjid-e Adineh (the Mosque of Friday) is one of old remains of the Islamic period that lies on the east of Shahcheragh. Amr-e Leyth-e Safar founded this two-portico mosque after his victory over the Caliph’s army in 281 AH. Some parts of the mosque are in two floors. The mosque has six entrances. This mosque has a 1672 square meters courtyard. There is a building in the middle of this courtyard that is called Khoday Khaneh (God’s room). There are four short towers on the corners of the mosque. The northern portal of the mosque is decorated with vaulted tile works and bears the names of 12 Shia Imams on four tile inscriptions on the piers of this portal. There lies a high arch, known as Taq-e Morvarid (the pearl arch), in the northern side of this mosque with two minarets on the sides. The courtyard covers 1672 square meters and has a square building in the middle. This building, called “Khodaykhaneh” or “Dar-ol Mas-haft’, is made of stone and plaster and is about one meter higher than the ground. A two-meter wide colonnade surrounds this building. The building of Khodaykhaneh was erected by the order of Shah Sheikh Abo Esaaq Injo, the governor of Fars, in 752 AK Some ancient Korans written by Imam Ali, Imam Hassan, Imam Sadeq, Othman Ibn Affan, and some other close followers of the prophet (P.B.U.H) were held in this building. It has been used for reading Koran, too. That is why the name Dar-ol Mas-haf, meaning “the room of Koran”, was assigned to this building. The building of Khodaykhaneh and its porticoes are 12 meters long and 10 meters wide. The main room is eight by six meters.
Nasir-ol Mulk Mosque
The mosque of Nasir-ol Mulk is one of beautiful and glorious buildings of the Qajar era situated in the Araban district of Shiraz. Mirza Hassan All Nasir-ol Mulk founded this mosque. It covers a 2980 square meters ground, with a building of 2212 square meters area. The Nasir-ol Mulk Mosque has two western and eastern prayer halls. The entrance of the mosque has a big wooden door located in a big blind arcade. The ceiling of the arch is decorated with tile works. There is a marble inscription in Nasta’liq handwriting. The unsymmetrical porticoes of the mosque sit on the southern and northern sides.
Decorations of Nasir-ol Mulk Mosque
The main prayer hall of this mosque lies in the western wing of the has seven big wooden doors decorated with stained glasses. It also of these columns is made of a single piece of stone. These columns the prayer niche and the walls are decorated with tiles; The eastern seven stone columns. There is a portico in front of this prayer hall meters wide, from the courtyard. They form seven brick piers.
Courtyard and has beautiful brick panels. This prayer hall) has 12 fluted stone columns with spiral grooves. Each is in two rows of six columns. The ceilings of the hall, prayer hall, which is a winter hall, has a tiled ceiling and I. Eight blind arcades separate this portico, which is six
Iran Last Minute offers the best Shiraz tours, Persepolis tour from Shiraz. find your desired hotel in Shiraz with us and get a decent and fair discount